Paul Klee. Angels

26 April - 7 July 2013
Hubertus-Wald-Forum

Paul Klee, Daemonie, 1939, 897 (WW 17), Zentrum Paul Klee, Bern
Paul Klee. Daemonie, 1939, 897, Aquarell, Tempera und Bleistift auf Grundierung auf Papier auf Karton. 20,9 x 32,8 cm. Zentrum Paul Klee, Bern

Biography

Paul Klee

1879
Paul Klee is born on 18 December to the music teacher Hans Wilhelm Klee and the singer Ida Maria Klee (née Frick) near Bern.

1898
A talented violinist, Klee decides against music in favour of studying art. He attends a private drawing school in Munich.

1899/1900
Meets his future wife, the pianist Lily Stumpf (1876–1946). Studies painting at the Munich Academy in the class of Franz von Stuck.

1901/02
Six- month tour of Italy. Faced with the art of classical times and the Renaissance, Klee experiences a creative crisis.

1902–06
Returns to his parents house for private study. First reverse-glass paintings and etchings. After marrying Lily Stumpf in September 1906 Klee moves with her to Munich.

1907
The couple's son Felix is born on 30 November.

1908
Exhibition with the Munich and Berlin Secession.

1910/11
Solo exhibitions in Bern, Zurich, Winterthur and Basel, and at the Galerie Thannhauser in Munich.

1912
Klee participates in the second exhibition of the Blauer Reiter in Munich. In April he travels to Paris, where he visits Robert and Sonia Delaunay.

1913
Klee exhibits at the First German Autumn Salon in Herwarth Walden's gallery Der Sturm in Berlin.

1914
In April Klee travels to Tunesia with August Macke and Louis Moilliet, and experiences an artistic breakthrough towards colour and abstraction. He becomes a founder member of the New Munich Secession.

1916
Klee is drafted into the army. He absolves his military service in the aircraft division in Schleissheim and Gersthofen, but is able to continue his artistic work.

1916–18
With exhibitions in the gallery Der Sturm Klee becomes a cult figure of new art in Germany.

1920
First retrospective in Munich with 362 works. In October Klee is appointed to the Bauhaus by Walter Gropius

1921
Begins teaching in May and moves with his family to Weimar.

1923
First German museum exhibition at the Berlin National Gallery in the Kronprinzen-Palais.

1924
First solo exhibition in New York. Founder member of the artistic group Die Blaue Vier with Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger and Alexej von Jawlensky.

1925
The Bauhaus moves to Dessau. Klee participates in the first group exhibition La peinture surréaliste in Paris.

1926
Klee moves with his family to Dessau and shares one of Walter Gropius' s Masters' Houses with the Kandinskys.

1928
Travels to Egypt.

1929
Several exhibitions take place in Berlin, Dresden, New York, Paris and elsewhere to celebrate Klee's 50th birthday.

1931
Klee leaves the Bauhaus and takes up a professorship at the Düsseldorf Art Academy.

1933
He is dismissed from his teaching post under pressure from the National Socialists. At the end of the year he returns to his home city of Bern.

1935/36
First signs of severe illness. Klee's artistic production almost ceases.

1937
The National Socialists defame Klee' s art and confiscate 102 of his works from German museums: fifteen of them are shown in the exhibition Degenerate Art.

1939
Klee' s artistic producivity reaches its highpoint with 1,253 works.

1940
Paul Klee dies on 29 June in Locarno-Muralto.

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